B is for Bunion Surgery

November 11, 2012

Surgery is the only way to get rid of bunions, but conservative care can help the symptoms

bunion surgery

surgery can be an option for treating bunions, particularly when conservative measures have failed to provide relief or when the bunion is causing significant pain, discomfort, and functional limitations. Bunion surgery, also known as bunionectomy, aims to correct the deformity, realign the joint, and alleviate pain.

There are different surgical techniques available, and the specific procedure chosen depends on various factors, including the severity of the bunion, the presence of any associated foot deformities, and the individual’s overall health. Some common surgical procedures for bunions include:

  1. Osteotomy: This procedure involves cutting and repositioning the bones of the affected joint to realign the toe and correct the bunion. Different types of osteotomy techniques can be used, such as a Chevron or Austin osteotomy, depending on the specific needs of the patient.
  2. Exostectomy: In an exostectomy, the surgeon removes the bony prominence or excess bone growth associated with the bunion. This procedure is often performed in conjunction with other surgical techniques.
  3. Soft tissue repair: The surgeon may repair or tighten the soft tissues surrounding the joint, including the tendons and ligaments, to help stabilize the toe and maintain proper alignment.
  4. Arthrodesis: In some cases, when the joint damage is severe or when other surgical options are not suitable, arthrodesis may be performed. This involves fusing the affected joint to provide stability and relieve pain. However, this procedure restricts joint movement.

Bunion surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis, meaning you can go home the same day. The specific recovery period and rehabilitation process can vary depending on the procedure performed and the individual’s healing rate. Generally, it may take several weeks to months for the foot to fully recover, and physical therapy or rehabilitation exercises may be recommended to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion.


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