N is for NSAIDs

August 20, 2023

NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a drug class which reduces pain, decreases inflammation, decreases fever, and prevents blood clots.

NSAIDs, or Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, are a class of medications primarily used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and lower fever. They work by inhibiting an enzyme called cyclooxygenase (COX), which is involved in the production of prostaglandins, substances that contribute to pain, inflammation, and fever. By reducing the production of prostaglandins, NSAIDs help alleviate these symptoms.

Common NSAIDs include:

  1. Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
  2. Naproxen (Aleve)
  3. Aspirin
  4. Celecoxib (Celebrex)
  5. Diclofenac (Voltaren)
  6. Meloxicam (Mobic)
  7. Indomethacin

NSAIDs are used to manage a wide range of conditions, including:

  1. Pain relief: They are often used to alleviate mild to moderate pain, such as headaches, menstrual cramps, dental pain, and muscle aches.
  2. Inflammation: NSAIDs are effective in reducing inflammation associated with conditions like arthritis (both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis) and other inflammatory disorders.
  3. Fever reduction: They can help lower fever by acting on the part of the brain that regulates body temperature.
  4. Postoperative pain: NSAIDs are sometimes prescribed after surgical procedures to manage pain and inflammation.


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